Most commonly khaki tan mercerized cotton, chino is always twilled on its face (either left- or right-hand twill) with a plain back. It is a durable, rugged fabric, known for being used by the U.S. and British armies for summer weight uniforms.
The fabric originally came from China, later was exported to China from England, and was purchased by the U.S. Army stationed in the Philippines prior to WWI. The name chino apparently comes from the fabric’s Chinese connection.
In the U.S., chinos are a name for pants made from chino. The fabric may be dyed in colors other than tan, and it may be made in a blend, typically cotton/polyester.
Uses: Uniforms, sportswear (especially pants), work clothes