Velvet woven of two fibers, printed with a chemical that destroys one of the fibers, leaving a pile/ground pattern. Dévoré velvet is synonymous.
Velvet with an unevenly pressed nap, achieved by twisting of the fabric when it is wet or pressing in various directions. The result is a wrinkled, lustrous look, the luster resulting from flattened areas. The fabric may be any sort of velvet pile, woven or, less often, knit fabric. Crushed velvet was particularly popular in the late 60s and early 70s.
Uses: Jackets, suits, coats
Genoa, Italy, was one of the early European velvet-producing centers and Genoa’s namesake fabric was originally a silk brocade velvet with a satin ground. The name is applied to velvet which resembles the original, with a satin ground, and velvet with cut and uncut pile.
Uses: Upholstery, drapes, historically some clothing, such as coats
Nacré is French for “pearly,” and nacré velvet has mother-of-pearl’s iridescence, with pile and ground of two different colors.
A woven fabric constructed like velvet but with a longer pile than velvet, plush is made with its pile from wool, mohair, cotton or manufactured fibers, usually on a cotton ground. Its erect pile is also longer (usually at least 1/8”) than velvet.
Uses: The original teddy bear fabric, and still used for toys and upholstery
Velours is the French word for velvet, and velour is made in the same way as velvet (warp pile, double-cloth method of construction) except it is made of cotton or a blend. Velour differs from cotton velvet in having longer and denser pile.
Uses: Sportswear, evening wear, loungewear
Sumptuous fabric with a soft pile, velvet is constructed with a plain or twill weave back with one set of warp and one set of weft yarns. An extra set of warp yarns forms the pile. Velvet is now usually constructed by weaving two cloths together with pile ends connecting to both surfaces. The two are cut apart to give two pieces of velvet (double-cloth method). It may also be made by wires which lift and cut the pile.
Velvet may be treated and varied in a number of way—including embossing, crushing, burning out—and can be made to be water- and crush-resistant. It is made of silk or manufactured filament fibers. If made of cotton it is called cotton velvet.
The name velvet stems from the Latin vellus, or hair.
Uses: Suits, coats, dresses, evening wear, shoes, hats, trim
Made of cotton, velveteen has a smooth, soft, short-cut pile on a plain or twill weave ground. Velveteen is related to cotton velvet, but of weft pile weave rather than velvet’s warp pile weave. It is related to corduroy but without that fabric’s vertical rows of wales. Velveteen’s dense pile is slightly flatter and shorter than that of cotton velvet.
Uses: Dressy but less expensive (than velvet) in women’s and children’s clothing