Elizabeth Arden (1884-1966) was born Florence Nightingale Graham in Canada, but moved to the USA at age thirty to work in the beauty industry. She used her nursing training to create skin creams. Although primarily famous for her cosmetic and fragrance lines, she also created a clothing line comprising both couture and exclusive ready-to-wear. Her Fifth Avenue New York salon, famous for its lipstick red front door, opened in 1910.
In the 1940s she employed Charles James for a brief but stormy period before she fired him. Her in-house designer during the 1950s was Ferdinando Sarmi, and during the early 1960s, it was Oscar de la Renta. Elizabeth Arden Boutiques were open through the 1980s.
Written by artisannes