Soft, limp fabric with a loose, airy weave. Usually cotton, gauze was originally made of silk in the city of Gaza in the Middle East. It can be found in cotton blends, wool, silk, acetate or rayon. Plain or leno weave may be used.
If stiffened with sizing, the fabric may be referred to as scrim.
Uses: Loose-fitting, unstructured garments, most often blouses and dresses. In the U.K. and Australia, gauze refers to surgical bandaging fabric, and the name cheesecloth refers to a similar fabric used for garments.